Fahima sent her two eldest children, Sateria and Tuscanne, to Langston Hughes, the elementary school in Roseland she had attended in the 1970s. But the school had changed, and discipline had become a problem. “Some-where along the line, something went wrong with our school system,” she says. “I found it really hard to believe once the school bell would ring, [the students] would come out fighting.”
To get an “exceeds” rating in instructional leadership, at least 50 percent of students in the school must score at or above national norms in reading and math on the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (elementary schools) or the Tests of Achievement and Proficiency (high schools); at least 50 percent must meet or exceed state standards on the state IGAP tests. To obtain a “meets,” at least 15 percent of students must score at or above national norms, and test scores must be on the rise.