As Catalyst goes to press, a showdown is imminent at Gale Community Academy, where controversy has racked the local school council for more than a year. Chief Executive Officer Paul Vallas has announced his intention to have the school declared in “educational crisis” so he can clean house. Backed by school reform groups and the Chicago Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, a majority of Gale’s LSC members are preparing to file a lawsuit against the board, charging that Vallas is usurping the LSC’s power to name a principal. Here’s the background.
THE PROCESS On April 21, the Gale council votes 7 to 2 to offer a principal’s contract to Beverly Martin, a central office administrator. The Law Department later declares the vote null and void due to alleged irregularities regarding the meeting’s posted agenda. The council majority disputes the ruling but agrees to vote again, which it does in late June. This time, the vote for Martin is 6 to 3.
At this point in the principal selection process, state law requires a 7-vote majority. Councils that can’t muster 7 votes are required to submit three names, in rank order, to the chief executive officer, who has 30 days to choose one. If he doesn’t, the council then needs only 6 votes to choose one of the three candidates.
Vallas rejects all three of the Gale council’s candidates. So, on July 28, the council again votes 6 to 3 for Martin. Vallas has said the Gale council still must gather 7 votes to select a candidate, but the Law Department is not backing him up. Asked her legal opinion, chief attorney Marilyn Johnson told CATALYST: “I do not care to say. I know that is the burning question of the hour, and that I will not say.”
In early August, the Office of School and Community Relations sends a letter to all Gale council members, telling them they’re being investigated. The council majority responds with a public relations campaign aimed at getting Vallas to accept Martin.
In mid-August, Vallas tells the Chicago Tribune that he hopes to remove members of the council by declaring an “educational crisis” at Gale. According to board officials, that means Martin will not become principal. A lawyer for the council majority maintains otherwise, saying a vote taken by a legally constituted body cannot be overturned by a subsequent change in member composition.
THE POLITICS AT GALE Long-simmering tensions among competing groups of parent and community leaders and Gale’s administration erupted into a full boil during campaigning for Gale’s 1996 local school council elections: An all-Latino slate of candidates challenged an all-black slate that dominated the council and was allied with the school’s white principal.
The Latino faction pulled an upset victory, winning a majority of seats on the council. Before, during and after the election, accusations ranging from racism and anti-Semitism—the then- principal and many Gale teachers are Jewish—to electioneering and vote fraud flew back and forth. The School Board investigated the vote-fraud charges and ultimately gave the elections a clean bill of health.
The council then settled in to several months of bickering between the Latino majority and the black minority, with School Board officials often on hand to mediate.
Then, in December 1996, the school’s veteran principal left to take a job at School Board headquarters, and Vallas appointed an interim, Guadalupe Shields, fresh from the University of Chicago’s Center for School Improvement and a former principal of Plamondon Elementary.
The opportunity to select a new permanent principal triggered a re-alignment on the council; black and Latino members started working together to take advantage of the chance to pick an administrator. For a while, things went relatively smoothly. The council created a selection committee that included parents, community members and teachers; and the committee set criteria for potential candidates.
Shields was eliminated from the running early on because she narrowly missed meeting one of the criteria: five years of elementary school teaching experience. “That’s when the controversy started,” says James Deanes of the Office of School and Community Relations, who frequently attended Gale LSC meetings.
Some teachers were upset that Shields was eliminated out-of-hand, but Deanes takes the council’s side on this issue. “Once you set criteria, that’s a process that ought to be followed,” he says.
Teacher unrest escalated when an anonymous, anti-Semitic note was posted in the teachers lounge. The unrest spread when the incident became fodder for Chicago Sun-Times columnist Ray Coffey, who tied the note to the Gale council’s refusal to consider Shields for the principal’s position. (A board investigator later determined that the note had been posted by an un-aligned agitator on the Gale faculty.)
Citing Vallas as his source, Coffey blamed Gale’s troubles on local activist Carlos Malave. Though Malave was a member of Gale’s principal selection committee, Coffey called him a “political carpetbagger” who “has no official role at Gale.”
At the April 21 council meeting, parent LSC member Virginia Aviles and teacher Dennis Gallagher voted against Martin; both had shared fellow council members’ dissatisfaction with the previous principal. Gallagher’s primary objection was that Martin had not worked in an elementary school since 1976. Aviles, Gallagher and Deanes, who was an observer, contend that the council majority conspired to ram through Martin’s selection. Convinced that the process was being hijacked, Aviles brought her concerns to Vallas and Coffey, who took up her cause.
Since then, it has been a free-for-all. Here’s a sampling of events and accusations:
In May, a member of the council majority puts out a flyer denouncing Aviles, Gallagher, Coffey and Vallas for brewing up a racist conspiracy against the LSC’s majority. He alleges that Aviles and Gallagher oppose Martin’s appointment because Martin is black. Gallagher counters that all of the finalists were people of color, and that his choice was another black woman.
An African-American member of the majority, Wayne Frazier, tells a reporter from the News-Star, a neighborhood weekly, that Gale teachers are “fighting [the council] tooth and nail” over Martin’s prospective appointment. “The teachers are saying she’s going to come and fire all the Jewish teachers and bring in all minorities,” he says.
At a late June School Board meeting, Aviles asks Board President Gery Chico to keep the school reform groups Parents United for Responsible Education and the Lawyers School Reform Advisory Project away from the Gale LSC. “They are wolves!” she says. (Aviles’s nemesis, Frazier, sits on PURE’s board of directors.)
On August 13, the News-Star publishes a letter from PURE director Julie Woestehoff, who calls the newly opened School Board investigation a “witch hunt.” Woestehoff helps council members organize a demonstration outside the school a week later.
Board officials confront Dennis Weekly, a member of the LSC majority, alleging that he failed to properly disclose a past conviction on a drug-related offense. Weekly says he believes that he did disclose the offense because his past is no secret; he works with anti-drug groups, telling kids not to repeat his mistakes. He says he is upset that the board would stoop to intimidation. Deputy Chief Education Officer Carlos Azcoitia explains that the board must make sure that all council members follow the law. When an investigation is underway, “we take a look at all of these aspects.”
In mid-August, Vallas announces his intention to declare a crisis at Gale and dissolve the LSC. “I’m not going to stand by while the leadership of that school is usurped by outsiders,” he tells the Chicago Tribune. “This is about power, ego, patronage.”
THE POLITICS OF REFORM To Julie Woestehoff, director of Parents United for Responsible Education, the Gale dispute is about Vallas’s power, ego and patronage. “In my opinion, this is simply a temper tantrum from someone who wants to control the principal selection process and isn’t being allowed to do it. I think that Vallas wants to appoint principals to schools; he wants to control that person.”
For Woestehoff and other council advocates, Gale has become a test case for a primary tenet of school reform: The law gave LSCs the responsibility for selecting principals so that principals would be accountable to local communities.
For Amy Zimmerman of the Chicago Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Gale has become a legal test case, too. “Every LSC out there should be quaking in their boots over this case.” At press time, the Lawyers’ Committee was deciding whether to file a lawsuit.
Deanes calls the power-grab accusation “a blatant lie.” Rather, he says, the council’s allies are distorting the truth in order “to embarrass the [Vallas] administration as being anti-local-school-council.”
According to Deanes, the fundamental issue is: “Do we have people who are fighting for kids, or do we have people who are just fighting?” From his perspective, “Any group that does not promote harmony among LSCs is suspect. … That does not mean you’re kow-towing to central office; it just means that kids are entitled to an atmosphere where things are discussed calmly.” If the board has to take a firm hand to get that accomplished, Deanes says, so be it.
Even so, he does not absolve the board of responsibility for the mess at Gale. “All of us shoulder that responsibility,” he says, citing the board, council members and various activist groups. “Everybody should leave with their plate full; there is enough for everybody.”
ONLINE UPDATE: School Board seeks court opinion on principal selection, places Gale on remediation
On August 27, the School Reform Board voted to ask a judge to clarify the law on principal selection. At issue is whether the Gale Community Academy Local School Council needs 6 or 7 votes to choose a principal after having had three of its recommendations rejected by Chief Executive Officer Paul Vallas.
“We believe there is enough of a gap, or silence, from the statutes that warrants a ruling from the court,” explained Board President Gery Chico.
Meanwhile, school officials backed off declaring Gale in educational crisis, which Vallas had sought as a way to remove LSC members. Instead, the board voted to place Gale on remediation, a designation that, unlike educational crisis, does not require a public hearing.
Vallas told reporters the move was warranted by “an academic free fall” at the school. Speaking to the Chicago Sun-Times through an interpreter, the council president called it “unjust,” adding, “But this is something that is not over.”
The decision to place Gale on remediation is a departure from past practice. For one, the current principal, who is serving in an interim capacity, was selected by Vallas last December. Also, most of the 37 elementary schools that were on remediation last school year had around 15 percent of their students score at or above national norms in reading on the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills. Gale has 22.6 percent at or above average, a slight increase from 1996. Since 1993, Gale’s scores on the state IGAP tests have fluctuated.
While the board moved several schools from remediation to probation, Gale is the only school it added to the remediation list.
Links to other stories about Gale:
April, 1995: Year-round school ‘the best thing since Wonder Bread’
September 1995: Vallas & Co. respond to school in turmoil
October, 1995: Dual shifts out—along with a few jobs
December, 1995: Gage welcomes Sylvan; Gale glimpses crowding relief
June, 1996: Latinos score upset victory after year of litigation
September, 1996: Victors in Gale election turn back legal challenge
Link to recent columns by Ray Coffey of the Sun-Times, who frequently writes about Gale.
For links to Lerner newspaper stories on Gale, see:
May 7, 1997: Gale buffeted by accusations, ethnic politics
July 16, 1997: Gale’s interim principal outlines changes made for new school year
August 6, 1997: Gale storm clouds gathering
August 20, 1997: Vallas to challenge Gale school council
For demographic and test score information about Gale, go to the Chicago Public Schools Information Database and select Gale from the scrolling menu.