There are many merits to standardized testing. Information gained from testing can help identify students’ strengths and weaknesses, which then can be used to plan instructional programs or determine the type of support services that students need. Standardized tests can help show whether students are learning what they are supposed to be learning. Tests can help assess the effectiveness of instructional strategies and programs and indicate how well a student, class, department, grade level, school, school district or state is doing compared to other students, classes, departments, etc. Although not originally designed for accountability, information gained from standardized tests can help measure the effectiveness of schools, school programs and school personnel.