Kentucky Education Reform Act requires that a primarily performance-based student assessment system be used in grades 4, 8 and 12 to hold schools accountable for improving the academic performance of their students.


Writing portfolios introduced in grades 4, 8 and 12.

Written tests with essay questions in reading, writing, science, mathematics and social studies administered in grades 4, 8 and 12.

Performance events in math, science and social studies administered to samples of students in grades 4, 8 and 12.

Results of testing used to establish baseline performance level for every school in the state.


1991-92 assessment results announced: most schools rank as novices, the lowest of four performance levels.

Math portfolios introduced in grades 4, 8 and 12.

Written tests added in arts and humanities and in vocational education/practical living.

Performance events added in arts and humanities and vocational education/ practical living.


1992-93 results announced: elementary and middle schools report significant improvements, but high school scores show decline.

Tests used in 1992-93 administered again.


1993-94 results announced: 95% of schools show improvement over two years; 40 percent earn monetary rewards totaling $26 million; the percentage of students performing at the proficient and distinguished levels doubled, but about 80% of students are still performing at novice and apprentice levels.

Written tests for high schools moved from 12th to 11th grade; elementary mathematics portfolio moved from 4th to 5th grade.

Remainder of tests administered in the same way as previous year.

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