A 1997 survey of 496 Illinois drug offenders on probation–”a statistical sample of the roughly 8,100 drug offenders who ended their probation that year–”showed that most of those in Cook County were black or Latino, while whites made up the majority in Illinois’ 101 other counties.–¦

–¦and Cook County drug offenders were far less likely to receive drug treatment as part of their probation than those in the rest of the state. Most of the probationers in Cook County were first-time offenders who had been convicted of felony drug charges.